Spay surgery, also called overiohysterectomy (OHE), involves removing your dog's ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus so that she cannot become pregnant. Though the procedure is major abdominal surgery, it is very common and rarely causes complications. Many veterinarians believe that the advantages of spaying your dog far outweigh the disadvantages. Understanding the procedure beforehand will help you to make an informed decision whether to spay your dog, as well as to better care for your dog afterward.
Dog neutering is a surgical procedure of removing the gonads, preventing the dog from reproducing. Neutering is the general term used both for male and female dogs. The removal of testicles is known as castration, while the female sterilization procedure is called spaying. There are a lot of advantages to neutering your pet; however, there are some drawbacks as well.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Spaying
Spaying or ovariohysterectomy is when the ovaries of the female dog are removed. The surgery will prevent the dog from having litters of puppies. The benefits of the surgery include the diminished risk to develop reproductive system cancers or uterine infections. On the other hand, spaying brings a risk for other types of cancer, joint problems or thyroid disease. The dog will become friendlier but may become overweight. The excessive fat is not solely due to the sterilization procedure; it is also due to a sedentary life style, high energy meals or genetics.
Pluses and Minuses of Neutering
Male dogs that get an orchectomy (removal of testicles) will exhibit better behavior. They will be less likely to mark their territory, to roam or to be dominant. However, dogs with a dominant personality may become aggressive, because the testosterone is still produced in the body, but in lesser amounts. The castration of a dog due to behavioral problems may not be efficient without being combined with behavioral training.
Having both their testicles removed will result in zero risk of testicular cancer. Neutered dogs have fewer prostate problems. If the sterilization procedure is performed before reaching maturity, the dog may have growth deformities such as longer legs or a flatter chest, because the sexual hormones have a role in the growth process too. These deformities may add extra stress on the joints and result in a higher incidence of joint disease in neutered dogs. Neutered dogs are more exposed to bladder incontinence, thyroid problems and cancers.